Sunday, December 29, 2019

Political Philosophy in Machiavelli’s The Prince and...

The term political philosophy cannot be mentioned without Machiavelli’s The Prince coming to mind. This is one of the most notable books ever written on the topic of politics and one of the most well known books to come from the Renaissance, but it is not the only book from this time period that focused on politics. Machiavelli also wrote Discourses on Livy, which gives a very different view of the political world and Francis Bacon wrote about the reign of Henry VII. Each of these manuscripts focuses on the different traits that a prince ought to have, their views on how to gain political power, and their political philosophies. In The Prince, Machiavelli believes that the key to power is a combination of fear and love; in the Discourses†¦show more content†¦In chapter ten of Discourses on Livy, he talks of the importance of a prince learning from previous rulers. Machiavelli believes that if a prince were to look back on history he would be able to see which rulers are seen as successful and which rulers are seen as failures. Machiavelli states that princes who look back on the past will â€Å"observe that there are two paths open to them: one allows them to live securely and makes them famous after death; the other makes them live in continuous anxiety and†¦ leave behind an eternal reputation of infamy†(199). Though this trait may not seem important, Machiavelli believes knowledge of history will lead to successful rulers. Francis Bacon also thought that knowledge was important, but he thought knowledge of those around you was more important than knowledge of history. Bacon claimed that Henry the VII had a greater reputation outside of England than within because he was so closed off to outsiders that it caused his reputation to grow. When ambassadors would come to visit Henry the VII, he would impress them with his â€Å"universal insight into the affairs of the world†(History of the Reign of Henry the VII, 455). The knowledge that Henry the VII garnered he was able to use to win people over. He also used spies within his court to find out who may be conspiring against him (456).Show MoreRelatedMachiavelli and the Use of Antiquity in The Prince and The Discourses1838 Words   |  7 Pages Machiavelli and the Use of Antiquity in The Prince and The Discourses The Renaissance was a time of classical revival and a turning point from the Middle Ages to the Early Modern period in the course of history. Ancient texts and artifacts became sources of inspiration for intellectuals and artists alike, and the desire to emulate—or even surpass the achievements of the past prompted them to study antiquities closely and saw them as models and guidance. 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